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How to Extract tar.xz File

The tar command allows you to create and extract tar archives. It supports a vast range of compression programs such as gzip, bzip2, lzip, lzma, lzop, xz and compress. Learn how to use the tar command to extract .tar.xz or .txz archives.

Inside the Free Software Foundation (FSF) – Part V: Richard Stallman is Not Going Away (Any Time Soon)

  • Techrights; By Roy Schestowitz (Posted by schestowitz on Mar 6, 2020 1:18 AM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU
The next step towards FSF success would be mending its relationship with Richard Stallman through the GNU Project

How To Install Samba on Debian 10 Buster

If you are working on a small to medium entreprise network, you probably have dozens of drives and printers that need to be shared. Besides the NFS protocol, there are plenty of other network protocols that can be used in order to share resources over a network. The CIFS, short for Common Internet File System, is a network filesystem protocol used to share resources among multiple hosts, sharing the same operating system or not. The CIFS, also known as the SMB protocol, is implemented by one popular tool : the Samba server.

How to blog with Emacs Org mode

  • Opensource.com (Posted by bob on Mar 5, 2020 10:54 AM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU; Story Type: News Story
I used WordPress for the first few years of my blog, but I really wanted to publish it entirely using GNU Emacs. I tried Org2Blog, but something was still missing and it felt unsatisfying. read more

Getting started with lightweight alternatives to GNU Emacs

I work on a lot of servers, and sometimes I find a host that hasn't installed GNU Emacs. There's usually a GNU Nano installation to keep me from resorting to Vi, but I'm not used to Nano the way I am Emacs, and I inevitably run into complications when I try to save my document (C-x in Nano stands for Exit, and C-s locks Konsole).

Inside the Free Software Foundation (FSF) - Part III: Imagining an FSF Award Going to Anti-Stallman People

  • Techrights; By Roy Schestowitz (Posted by schestowitz on Mar 1, 2020 11:37 AM EDT)
  • Story Type: Editorial; Groups: GNU
The next FSF award may be given to Richard Stallman himself; but it might also be given to a person largely responsible for ‘ousting’ Stallman, which would be catastrophic

Pkill Command in Linux

  • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Mar 1, 2020 5:02 AM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU
The pkill command is used to send signals to running programs based on different criteria.

Bash If Else Syntax With Examples

When working with Bash and shell scripting, you might need to use conditions in your script. In programming, conditions are crucial : they are used to assert whether some conditions are true or not. In this tutorial, we are going to focus on one of the conditional statement of the Bash language : the Bash if else statement.

FSF's Interim Co-President Alexandre Oliva on FSF Communication Policies

  • Techrights; By Alexandre Oliva (Posted by schestowitz on Feb 25, 2020 4:24 PM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU
Surely I, being acting president and then half-acting president, must suck as a manager. I probably do indeed, but it's not so simple.

Open source licenses: What, which, and why

Most people have at least heard of open source software by now—and even have a fairly good idea of what it is. Learn what open source licenses are, which one to choose, and why it matters.

Who cares about Emacs?

  • Opensource.com (Posted by bob on Feb 25, 2020 1:52 AM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU; Story Type: News Story
GNU Emacs isn't the oldest interactive text editor for Unix—it's predated (at least) by the Vi editor—nor is it the only Emacs in existence. However, it's surely the most popular Emacs and one of the best editors available on POSIX. read more

Alexandre Oliva's New Article About a Coup

  • Techrights; By Alexandre Oliva (Posted by schestowitz on Feb 24, 2020 8:00 AM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU
Some people try to tell me that the criticism I’ve got, inside the FSF and outside, since the Free Software Sept 11, are not about my being supportive of RMS, but about my making public statements referencing him at all.

Alexandre Oliva's Message About Cancel Culture at the FSF

  • Techrights; By Roy Schestowitz / Alexandre Oliva (Posted by schestowitz on Feb 23, 2020 7:32 AM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU
Being cancelled is no fun. In my case, it was for standing for a friend who got canceled for defending someone else from an accusation that was later proven false.

The Rise and Fall of Free Software

  • Techrights; By Roy Schestowitz (Posted by schestowitz on Feb 22, 2020 12:38 PM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU, Linux
“We simply need to make the movement less corporate, and more grassroots.”

Using Python and GNU Octave to plot data

Data science is a domain of knowledge that spans programming languages. Some are well-known for solving problems in this space, while others are lesser-known.?This article will?help you become familiar?with doing data science with some popular languages. read more

Pgrep Command in Linux

  • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Feb 19, 2020 7:08 AM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU
The pgrep command is used to find out the PIDs of a running program based on different criteria.

How to use byobu to multiplex SSH sessions

Byobu is a text-based window manager and terminal multiplexer. It's similar to GNU Screen but more modern and more intuitive. It also works on most Linux, BSD, and Mac distributions. Byobu allows you to maintain multiple terminal windows, connect via SSH (secure shell), disconnect, reconnect, and even let other people access it, all while keeping the session alive. read more

Bash Sequence Expression (Range)

  • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Feb 10, 2020 3:03 PM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU
The Bash sequence expression generates a range of integers or characters by defining a start and the end point of the range.

How To Ping Specific Port Number

Used by system administrators on a daily basis, the ping command, relying on the ICMP protocol, retrieves operational information about remote hosts.

However, pinging hosts is not always sufficient : you may need to ping a specific port on your server. This specific port might be related to a database, or to an Apache web server or even to a proxy server on your network.

How To Switch Branch on Git

When working on a project, you are probably managing many different branches in your repository. As the number of branches grow, you may need to work on different tasks in parallel, going from one branch to another all the time. As a consequence, you may need to switch branches very frequently.

6 open governance questions every project needs to answer

When we think about what needs to be in place for an open source project to function, one of the first things to come to mind is probably a license. For one thing, absent an approved Open Source Initiative (OSI) license, a project isn’t truly open source in the minds of many. Furthermore, the choice to use a copyleft license like the GNU General Public License (GPL) or a permissive license like Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) can affect the sort of community that grows up around and uses the project.

Free Software (as in Copyleft/GPL) Will Eventually Win for the Same Reasons GNU/Linux Did

The “OS war” may be over (Linux — typically with GNU — as de facto standard in most technical sectors including Microsoft's), so the war on this inevitable paradigm change has shifted to licensing and GitHub is a major attack vector

How To Zip Folder on Linux

  • devconnected; By devconnected (Posted by SCHKN on Feb 2, 2020 8:40 AM EDT)
  • Story Type: Tutorial; Groups: GNU, Linux
From all the compression methods available, Zip is probably one of the most popular ones.

Released in 1989 by Philip Katz, Zip is widely used by system administrators in order to reduce the size of bulky files and directories on your system.

In this tutorial, we are going to see how you can easily zip folders and directories on Linux using the zip command.

How To Amend Git Commit Message

If you followed our previous articles on writing Git commit messages, you know how important it can be to write insightful and descriptive commit messages.

However, in some cases, you probably created your commits already and you will need to amend your Git commit message.

In this tutorial, you will learn how you can amend your Git commit message easily.

Bash Select

  • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Jan 31, 2020 12:25 AM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU
The select construct allows you to generate menus.

Linux Mint 19.3 Cinnamon – Using Cinnamon Desktop 4.4 and Powered by Linux Kernel 5.0

Linux Mint 19.3 is the latest minor release of Linux Mint 19. The release available in the flavors Cinnamon, Mate and Xfce as usually, introduces several changes and new features, brings refinements, and bug fixes among other things.

Bash break and continue

Loops allow you to run one or more commands multiple times until a certain condition is met. However, sometimes you may need to alter the flow of the loop and terminate the loop or only the current iteration. In Bash, break and continue statements allows you to control the loop execution.

Guest Post: Free Software is About Software Ownership

Free software” is a confusing name/term. The “free” here means freedom. So it is freedom software. But to exercise freedom you need something more. What is that? You have to own the software. Therefore, free software is about ownership of software.

GNU Linux-Libre 5.5 Kernel Arrives for Those Seeking 100% Freedom for Their PCs

The GNU Linux-Libre 5.5 kernel has been released today as a 100% free version of the Linux 5.5 kernel, shipping only with free and open source drivers.

How To Git Commit With Message

Git commit messages are crucial : they are used in order to describe and share with others what you did. They are also used when trying to hotfix issues happening on your master branches. In this tutorial, you are going to learn how you can create Git commits with messages.

How To Create a Git Branch

Git branches are created in order to isolate specific Git commits from the rest of your main Git history. If you main Git history is based on the master branch, you can create a separate Git branch in order to develop new features and merge them later on.

In this tutorial, we are going to see how you can easily create a Git branch.

Id command in Linux

  • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Jan 18, 2020 4:37 PM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU
id is a command-line utility that prints the real and effective user and group IDs.

The FSF and GNU Need a Better Savannah to Attract GitHub Refugees

  • TThomas Grzybowski’s explanation of why GitHub poses a risk to software freedom and what can be done about itechrights; By Roy Schestowitz/Thomas Grzybowski (Posted by schestowitz on Jan 15, 2020 12:41 AM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU, Microsoft
Thomas Grzybowski’s explanation of why GitHub poses a risk to software freedom and what can be done about it

Open Letter to Richard Stallman About the Free Software Movement

New letter to the founder of GNU and the FSF; the authors “wish to have it published as an open letter as well.”

A Brief History of Open Source Software, Part 3: The FOSS Environment Today

In this third and final installment, I survey the rich landscape of hosting organizations, platforms and supporting tools that support the development of FOSS today.

What is Open Source Software?

You may have heard about the term "open source" and wondered what it means? Here's your quick article about everything you should know.

Microsoft's Proprietary Software That Spies on Everyone 'Does an AWS' on Free Software

Microsoft keeps buying ad space in magazines, compromising their integrity and tarnishing brands such as "Linux" (making it look like merely a component available with Vista 10)

How to Show and Hide GRUB Menu on Ubuntu 18.04

GRUB is a boot loader that functions to prepare the operating system when the computer is turned on. Usually, we can see the default grub display on Ubuntu Linux with various menus. If you install more than 1 operating system on Ubuntu. You can choose the operating system to run through GRUB when booting.

Free Software Means Not Monopolies With Publicly-Available Code

Packages such as systemd (“packages” would be an understatement — that’s like calling Linux a “package”) present a new kind of threat, which some in the community have dubbed “Open Source Proprietary Software” (or “OSPS” for short); we need prominent groups and projects to highlight the nature of this threat, which serves to promote monopolies (open gateway into complexity, aided by silence and complicity)

A Brief History of Open Source Software, Part 2: OSS Licenses and Legalities

In this installment, we'll explore how Richard Stallman's revolutionary free and open source licensing philosophy spread and forked, and where it has taken us to today.

How To Undo Last Git Commit

If you are a web developer or a software engineer, it is very likely that you are pushing a lot of commits to your Git repository everyday. However, in some cases, you committed some files that should not be pushed to your Git repository. Sometimes, you may want to perform additional changes before issuing the commit. As a consequence, you need to undo the last commit from your Git repository. In this tutorial, we are going to see how you can easily undo the last commit, maybe to re-commit changes later on.

Who Will Succeed the Current Free Software Leaders

Most FOSS leaders came into prominence during the 1980s and 90s and are now approaching, or have passed, the age when most people retire. Are free software organizations ready for the change that appears to be just around the corner?

How To Clone a Git Repository

In order to start working with Git, you can either create your own Git repository or you can clone an existing Git repository. In this tutorial, we are going to focus on cloning an existing Git repository. We are also going to see different ways to clone a specific branch, to clone using a SSH key and to solve access denied issues.

Understanding the /etc/shadow File

  • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Dec 28, 2019 9:13 PM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU, Linux
The /etc/shadow file keeps records about encrypted users' passwords, as well as other passwords related information.

Bash: Append to File

  • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Dec 25, 2019 9:23 AM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU, Linux
In Bash, there are multiple ways to append text to a file. This article explains some of them.

Basic Linux Commands

  • Linuxize.com; By linuxize (Posted by linuxize on Dec 24, 2019 3:51 PM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU, Linux
The command line gives you more power over your system and access to features that are not available through a graphical interface.

Mansion of Pedophilia - Part II: Dr. Stallman Defamed in the Media One Day After Request Made for King County Sheriff’s Office to Divulge Information About Pedophilia in Home of Bill Gates

The media mostly stopped talking about Bill Gates using Jeffrey Epstein as his 'mule' (passing millions of dollars to MIT) the moment the police was contacted for all the information pertaining to pedophilia at his home; shortly afterwards Richard Stallman was ejected from MIT (forced resignation)

It Matters a Lot What You Call the System

Why the best name for the best operating system would be “GNU”, not “Linux” (media has twisted the words so as to marginalise GNU and its politics/philosophy)

Software Freedom and The U.S. Constitution

We need to stand for the freedom to not use the software — we need to enjoy that freedom without giving up the rest of the existing Free software ecosystem.

Guest Article: The Free Software Movement Should Come Out From the Box

  • Techrights; By Jagadees (Posted by schestowitz on Dec 15, 2019 5:51 AM EDT)
  • Groups: GNU
"From now onwards we have to think from a user’s rights perspective and mobilise users of Free software. They should know what rights they ought to get."

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